The WASH sector is governed by technological and service standards.


Urban WASH Technological standards

  • House connection
  • Septic tank
  • sewerage with treatment
  • septic with treatment
  • Landfill
  • Handwashing basin


Rural WASH Technological standards

  • Boreholes equipped with B type bush pump
  • Deep wells equipped with B type bush pump
  • Family wells equipped with rope and washer
  • Family wells equipped with windlass and bucket
  • Wind pumps
  • Protected Springs
  • Piped water schemes
  • Ventilated Improved Pit latrine
  • Septic tank
  • Tip tap
  • Handwashing tanks
  • Lined refuse pit
  • Pot rack


Urban WASH Service standards

  • 24/7 uninterrupted water supply
  • Water and waste water quality according to the WHO and SAZ standards
  • Door to door refuse collection and safe disposal


Rural WASH Service standards

  • 30 minutes round trip
  • Water quality according to the WHO and SAZ standards
  • Every household with an improved pit latrine, handwashing facility with a detergent, refuse pit and pot rack